Annemaart in Haarlem is doing 25 things including…

make a list of 43 things i know very little about, and then learn at least 3 things about each of them

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Annemaart has written 43 entries about this goal

43. Escher and muslim art

1. A tessellation is the tiling of a plane using one or more geometric shapes, called tiles, with no overlaps and no gaps. Historically, tessellations were used in Ancient Rome and in Islamic art such as in the decorative tiling of the Alhambra palace.
2. Tessallations in the Alhambra and other buildings in south Spain were the inspiration for the later work of Dutch artist Esscher.
3. Escher did not have mathematical training—his understanding of mathematics was largely visual and intuitive. Through a friend he discovered the ideas he had about symetry were closely related to the work done on the subject in mathmetics.



42. Krampus

Just learned of the German version of Saint Nicolas, which has a devilish creature condemning children to hell. Me, I prefer Zwarte Piet…

1. Krampus is a beast-like creature from the folklore of Alpine countries thought to punish children during the Christmas season who had misbehaved, in contrast with Saint Nicholas, who rewards well-behaved ones with gifts. Sometimes Krampus appears with a sack or a washtub strapped to his back; this is to cart off evil children for drowning, eating, or transport to Hell.
2. Traditionally young men dress up as the Krampus in Austria, southern Bavaria, South Tyrol, northern Friuli, Hungary, Slovenia and Croatia during the first week of December, particularly on the evening of 5 December (the eve of Saint Nicholas Day on many church calendars), and roam the streets frightening children with rusty chains and bells.
3. Outside of krampus, the being has many names. Klaubauf is used throughout Austria, while Bartl or Bartel, Niglobartl, and Wubartl are used in the southern part of the country. Outside Austria, Krampus and related creatures go by Pelzebock or Pelznickel in southern Germany, and Gumphinckel in Silesia. In Hungary, he is Krampusz (often used to refer to the entire race of these creatures), and in Switzerland, Schmutzli.



41. Anton Pieck

1. Anton Pieck is a famous dutch artist. Though I stongly associated him with the south of Holland, he is actually from the North and died in Overveen (just a bikeride from my house). He actually made some beautiful drawings of Haarlem.
2. He is burried in the family grave in Baarn, near Castle Drakensteyn.
3. In the war he worked for the resistance and did forgeries.



40. The Soul

1. Dr. Duncan “Om” MacDougall (c. 1866 – October 15, 1920) was an early 20th century physician in Haverhill, Massachusetts who sought to measure the mass purportedly lost by a human body when the soul supposedly departed the body upon death.
2. In 1901 he weighed six patients while they were in the process of dying. The entire bed was placed on an industrial sized scale. The determination of the soul weighing 21 grams was based on the average loss of mass in the six patients within moments after death.
3. Experiments were also done on dogs, but there was no change in mass. The conclusion therefor was that dogs had no soul.



39. Easter Island

1. The statues on easter island are of men, who by a ritual were made into he form of their deity on earth. When they died, a statue was made to commemorate them.
2. All statues have elongated nails. This was a sign of divinity.
3. There are no trees on easter island. There used to be, but due to the growth of the population all were cut down. With no trees left the people could not make canoes and were marooned on their own island. Food eventually and all died.



38. fried egg jellyfish

- Phacellophora camtschatica, known as the fried egg jellyfish (google it and you’ll see why) is a very large jellyfish
- Its huge (with a bell up to 60 cm (2 ft) in diameter and sixteen clusters of up to a few dozen tentacles, each up to 6 meters (20 ft) long.
- it eats other jellyfish, which looks very weird



37. MRI

- MRI is short for Magnetic resonance imaging.
- An MRI machine uses a powerful magnetic field to align the magnetization of some atoms in the body, and radio frequency fields to systematically alter the alignment of this magnetization.
- MRI provides good contrast between the different soft tissues of the body



36. Bonhoeffer

- He decided by age of fourteen to become a theologian and later a pastor. When his older brother told him not to waste his life in such a”poor, feeble, boring, petty, bourgeois institution as the church, 14-year-old Dietrich replied:”If what you say is true, I shall reform it!”
- Two days after Hitler was installed as Chancellor, as Bonhoeffer delivered a radio address in which he attacked Hitler and warned Germany against slipping into an idolatrous cult of the Führer (leader), he was cut off the air in the middle of a sentence, though it is unclear whether the newly elected Nazi regime was responsible.
- Bonhoeffer was in the United States in 1939 but went back to Germany. He wrote:”I must live through this difficult period in our national history with the people of Germany.”He returned to Germany on the last scheduled steamer to cross the Atlantic. He died on April 5 1945, 23 days before the Nazis’ surrender.



35. Marlene

- Dietrich was born Maria Magdalene Dietrich on 27 December 1901 in Berlin. Around the age of 11, she contracted her two first names to form the then-novel name of “Marlene”.
- She performed for Allied troops on the front lines with Generals James M. Gavin and George S. Patton. She did a pretend”mindreading”act. Dietrich would inform the audience that she could read minds, and ask them to concentrate hard on thinking about whatever came into their minds. Then she would walk over to a soldier and earnestly tell him,”Oh, think of something else. I can’t possibly talk about that!”American church papers reportedly published stories complaining about this part of Dietrich’s act.
- She was bisexual.



34. Gaudi

Just came back from Barcelona, where I learned a few little bits about mr Gaudi, which I didn’t know yet:

1. He was a vegetarian
2. He used to live in a house in Parc Guell, which was actually not built by him but by his assistent
3. He died because he got hit by a tram. Since he had no papers on him nobody knew who he was and it took a while before he got proper care. Unfortunately this was too late and he on the 10th of june 1926.



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