On June 25, 1950, the Korean War began when some 75,000 soldiers from the North Korean People’s Army poured across the 38th parallel, the boundary between the Soviet-backed Democratic People’s Republic of Korea to the north and the pro-Western Republic of Korea to the south. This invasion was the first military action of the Cold War. By July, American troops had entered the war on South Korea’s behalf. As far as American officials were concerned, it was a war against the forces of international communism itself. After some early back-and-forth across the 38th parallel, the fighting stalled and casualties mounted with nothing to show for them. Meanwhile, American officials worked anxiously to fashion some sort of armistice with the North Koreans. The alternative, they feared, would be a wider war with Russia and China–or even, as some warned, World War III. Finally, in July 1953, the Korean War came to an end. In all, some 5 million soldiers and civilians lost their lives during the war. The Korean peninsula is still divided today. 4 months ago
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I will be reading this link about this lake now.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lake_Baikal 5 months ago
Only two weeks left with this goal and I loved my weekly study. I think I will carry on with this goal in the New Year too. But maybe in a different way. I just need to think what I want and come with an idea and with a new name that suits to the new goal.
Right, I watched a programme on BBC2 about Cuba last night. Cuba is a place I wanted to go and see in the past. Then I lost the desire somehow. But this show reminded me why.
Anyway, I was surprised by the reforms happening in Cuba right now. I was not aware of any of it. I was also surprised that the education and health services are free. And theliterature rates are as high as 99.8%. Now, despite all the wrongs they give something to their citizens. I am no communist but not into capitalism either. Maybe still dreaming of a country ruled as Utopia.
Read the link below and just looking into the map of Caribbeans too now.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cuba 5 months ago
This is the subject of the week. I will be reading this link and maybe other links related to the subject tonight.
http://www.japan-guide.com/e/e2129.html 5 months ago
A_butterfly_kissMichelangelo (6 March 1475 – 18 February 1564 - Renaissance sculptor, painter, architect, poet, and engineer
Michelangelo di Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni, commonly known as Michelangelo, was an Italian Renaissance sculptor, painter, architect, poet, and engineer who exerted an unparalleled influence on the development of Western art.
I will be reading this link now.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Michelangelo 5 months ago
Okay we all know what this is about. But the reason I wanted to know more about is that there is The Northern Renaissance exhibition at The Queen’s Gallery which I’d like to see. So, wanted to read a bit on the subject before my visit to the gallery.
The Renaissance (French: Renaissance, Original Italian: Rinascimento, from rinascere “to be reborn”)
The Renaissance was a cultural movement that profoundly affected European intellectual life in the early modern period. Beginning in Italy, and spreading to the rest of Europe by the 16th century, its influence was felt in literature, philosophy, art, music, politics, science, religion, and other aspects of intellectual inquiry. Renaissance scholars employed the humanist method in study, and searched for realism and human emotion in art.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Renaissance 6 months ago
Thanksgiving Day is a holiday celebrated primarily in the United States and Canada. Thanksgiving is celebrated each year on the fourth Thursday of November in the United States and on the second Monday of October in Canada. Because of the longstanding traditions of the holiday, the celebration often extends to the weekend that falls closest to the day it is celebrated. Several other places around the world observe similar celebrations. Historically, Thanksgiving had roots in religious and cultural tradition. Today, Thanksgiving is primarily celebrated as a secular holiday.
The history and where it is celebrated and more all here on this link:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thanksgiving 6 months ago
This subject came to my attention when I was travelling back to London last Monday. I mainly was wondering how long the runway could be.
So here is the answer to my question and many more.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Runway 6 months ago
Everyone knows about Adolf Hitler But I came across with a documentary called The Dark Charisma of Adolf Hitler on BBC2 a couple of nights ago that made me realise that he came to power through legal means ( but not by democratically elected ). So, I am looking forward to finding out more about him and what it was during his time in the next two episodes of this documentary. 6 months ago
Without flowing wine
How to enjoy lovely
Haiku is one of the most important form of traditional Japanese poetry. Haiku is, today, a 17-syllable verse form consisting of three metrical units of 5, 7, and 5 syllables.
And more on here:
http://www.toyomasu.com/haiku/ 6 months ago
Antonio Lucio Vivaldi, nicknamed il Prete Rosso ( red haired priest ) because of his red hair, was an Italian Baroque composer, priest, and virtuoso violinist, born in Venice.
I bought a 50 minutes dvd about Ancient China and watched it last night. I enjoyed watching the documentary.
The list what this dvd covers is:
- Zia Rules
- The Philosophy, Confucianism,Taoism, Legalism
- The Great Wall of China
- The Silk Trade
- The Ming Dynasty
- Terracota Army
- Forbidden City 7 months ago
I chose this subject because I love “shield” here I mention turbot. They are similar fish but shield is from Black Sea and it is absolutely delicious.
The turbot (Scophthalmus maximus) is a large left-eyed flatfish found primarily close to shore in sandy shallow waters throughout the Mediterranean, the Baltic Sea, the Black Sea and the North Atlantic. The European turbot has an asymmetrical disk-shaped body, and has been known to grow up to 100 cm (39 in) long and 25 kg (55 lb) in weight.
Turbot is highly prized as a food fish for its delicate flavour, and is also known as breet, britt or butt. It is a valuable commercial species, acquired through aquaculture and trawling. Turbot are farmed in France, Spain, Romania, Turkey, Chile, Norway, and China. Turbot has a bright white flesh that retains this appearance when cooked. Like all flatfish, turbot yields four fillets with meatier topside portions that may be baked, poached or pan-fried.
Best to consume: January, February, March and April.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Turbot 7 months ago
The word emerald brings to the mind the lush green color of a paradisiacal landscape. For thousands of years people have loved and admired the deep green color of the natural emerald gemstone, symbol of natural beauty, thus making it one off the most popular gems in spite of its brittle nature and difficulties found in setting the gem for emerald jewelry. Emerald Gemstone is also called as the May Birthstone.
This gemstone gets it name from a Persian word, Esmeralde. In India it is know as Panna. In the history of emeralds the earliest know area where the natural emerald was found was Egypt, by the Red sea. The Egyptian emerald mines are in the hillside of Djebel Sikeit and Djebel Zabarah. Later, since high quality gemstones where mined from the Colombian mines, the Egyptian mines lost their importance (most were forgotten for many centuries). Big and precious roughs were also used in the form of emerald tablet.
In fact, it is said that when the colombian emeralds were discovered, people preferred suffering torture or even dying than to reveal the source of the mines. Such was the beauty and quality of emarald gemstone that were found in Colombia.
In ancient times (about 4000 BC in Babylon, the oldest known gem market), this fine quality emerald crystal gem was dedicated to the Goddess Venus. This gem represents immortality and faith, and thus a symbol for lovers who wish to express their undying love and faith. That is one of the reasons why it is one of the preferred stones for an engagement ring. Even on a wedding, they form a good contrast with the white wedding gown.
The emerald gemstone is one of the Navagraha stones (stones that represent the nine planets that have a cosmic influence on all earthlings) representing the Mercury (Budh) and is related to business, communication, intelligence, education and intuition.
It is the color of this gemstone that decides the emerald prices in the market. However, the cut, clarity and size of the gem are also deciding factors for the price of this gemstone. The deep green emerald color has always been the standard in grading all the other green colored gemstones. However there has been a disagreement among the experts in the field about the color of the emerald.
Emeralds are one of the most difficult gems to cut. The cutter should be extremely careful and plan the cut before he can start any process. Emeralds by nature have a lot of fractures (or cracks) in them and this makes the stone very brittle. Then the cutter need to make sure that the gem is cut in such a manner that the best of color, clarity along with minimum wastage (to retain the maximum weight of the stone.) is retained.
In colored stones transparency and clarity are closely linked. This is especially true with emeralds. Emeralds are normally found to have visible inclusions. Thus it is an accepted practice in the market to sell emeralds with inclusions or flaws. This makes an eye clean emerald very valuable. However, if the inclusion reduces the transparency and clarity of the gemstone completely or partially, the gem may not fetch a very good price in the market.
Markets and Producers of Emerald Gemstones
Top quality special emeralds come from Colombia. Till date Colombian emeralds fetch the most unbelievable prices in the global market. This gem is also found in India, Zambia, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Russia, South Africa, Egypt, Zimbabwe, Austria, Brazil, Australia, Tanzania and Madagascar. Out of almost 16 source countries that have emerald mines only two countries actually mine them. 14 countries import rough stones from mining countries, cut and treat the rough and export faceted stones or import cut stones and export them to buyers around the world.
The emerald cutting centers are mainly based in Thailand and India. The largest emerald purchasing counties, accounting for almost 75% of the total purchase in the world are US and Japan.
Some gemstones of lower value that could be confused with the natural green colored emerald are as follows: green beryl, tsavorite Garnet, zircon, green sapphire, tourmaline, chalcedony, aventurine quartz, synthetic emerald, dioptase, fluorite and paste.
http://www.gehnabazaar.com/gemstones/36/emerald.html 7 months ago
WHO WAS CLAUDIUS GALEN?
Claudius Galen, was physician to five Roman emperors. He was a teacher, philosopher, pharmacist and leading scientist of his day. During his life he produced five hundred books and treatises on all aspects of medical science and philosophical subjects and his ideas were to formulate many of the scientific beliefs which dominated medical thinking for about 1 500 years. Galen was the great compiler and systemiser of Greco-Roman medicine, physiology, pharmacy and anatomy. Because he displayed a view of God and nature shared by the Christians of the Middle Ages and the Renaissance, he was regarded by them as a fellow-Christian. This goes some way to account for the attitude of the Church towards free thinkers such as Paracelsus who challenged Galen’s teachings.
Galen’s influence can be still seen today. The word ” galenic” is used to describe drugs and medicines made from vegetable and animal ingredients using prescribed methods.
WHERE WAS HE BORN?
Galen was born at Pergamum, (Bergama in Turkey) on the 22 September 131 and was educated by his father, who decided his son should enter the medical profession. This was a wise choice as his son went on to become extremely famous.
WHAT DID GALEN DO?
At first Galen studied philosophy, in particular Aristotle but when seventeen began to specialise in medicine. While studying medicine Galen travelled extensively throughout Greece, Asia Minor and Palestine to gain experience and skills. Aged 28, he returned to Pergamum and obtained a position as doctor to the gymnasium attached to the local sanctuary at Asklepios. Galen remained there for five years then moved to Rome to teach medicine. While there his fame spread rapidly and brought him the post of physician to Marcellus Aurelius and his son Commodus. While he was physician to the emperor, Galen also had responsibility for the treatment of wounded Gladiators. This gave him a wonderful opportunity to study anatomy in detail and to carry out surgery. He performed vivisections and post-mortems on the Barbary ape, but never on humans.
WHAT WERE GALEN’S THEORIES?
Galen put forward the theory that illness was caused by an imbalance of the four humours: blood, phlegm, black bile and yellow bile. He recommended specific diets to help in the “cleansing of the putrefied juices” and often purging and bloodletting would be used. This theory was accepted until challenged by Paracelsus who believed that illness was the result of the body being attacked by outside agents.
With the use of experiment Galen showed that the arteries carried blood and not air as was commonly believed. He also understood the value of the pulse in diagnosis.
However Galen also believed (incorrectly) that blood was continuously being made and used up.
As well as running a busy medical practice he ran his own pharmacy, stocked with his own medicines made from animal and vegetables extracts, many of the plants being grown in his own garden. Galen catalogued in great detail various remedies including how each was made and the correct doses to be given.
Galen died in the year 201
http://www.zephyrus.co.uk/galen.html 7 months ago
This weeks subject is The Vikings. There is a 3 weeks program about The Vikings on BBC2 on Tuesdays. I have watched the two series and the last one in series on tv tonight. I did not know so much about them apart from the very obvious that they had their own boats and did row to reach to other countries for goods to exchange or buy. Or didn;t know how far they went. And they were pagans etc etc.
So I find the series interesting. 7 months ago
I know this is childrens subject to read. I just started reading it and got into it. Also this site of wikipedia has lots of different historical periods I would be interested in reading. Especially The Chinese Dynasties.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_time_periods 8 months ago
I am behind on this one but here I am now.
This is my catch up on this goal subject to learn today.
1- Not all spiders make cobweb
2- They have 8 legs and 8 eyes
3- It usually takes 60 minutes to make a web
4- The females are bigger than the males
5- Males usually dance for the females to distract them from their hungar. They may also give the females flies/food so they will not be eaten after mating.
6- Spider silk, in general, is widely regarded as the strongest natural fabric known, at least half as strong as a steel thread of the same thickness, and much more elastic.
7- Common house spiders live under a year.
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eb6bqIWdQao 8 months ago
I loved all of the jewellery and ornaments made by Murano glass in Venice. Expensive to purchase and you cannot be sure if it is really Murano glass since Chinese glass products can be out there in the market being sold as Murano glass. Best to buy it from a trust worthy shop or go for a shopping with a local who has an understanding of the glass.
I am just about to start reading this.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Murano_glass 8 months ago
I can see this skyscraper from my living and bedroom rooms. I guess anyone who lives on top floor in London can. I did not know the name of it but I referred to it as the tallest building of London and Europe.
So here we go. Time to know more about it.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Shard 8 months ago
Not that I want to be a gondolier but the prices of hiring a gondola made me think about how wealthy these gondoliers could be or not? They certainly did not look like rich and their job is a hard job.
My theory would be because they earn lots of money they would pay lots to government. It is not like they run like a shop and can avoid paying tax and show less income if they wanted to. I am sure the Italian government thought about it all and they charge a big sum of money as yearly payment. Don’t know!
I will search for information about this tonight.
Here is some info about it. And they do earn a lot of money :-)
This week I chose to read about Marvin Gaye. I am a big soul and love songs lover. I love even the cheesy love songs, beacuse I am a girly girls :-)
And this guys voice was so soft and love his songs.
Ain’t that peculier
I heard it through the grapevine
I want you
Mercy mercy me
What’s going on
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marvin_Gaye 9 months ago
I wanted an easy article or something will not take up too much time to read and learn on this weeks subject. So this is what I have found and enjoyed reading it.
PS: I am thinking that some facts may have changed like the Polish population in Chicago might not be the case anymore. It may well be London. 9 months ago
This is my last weeks task but am doing it today.
According to legend, the ancient Olympic Games were founded by Heracles (the Roman Hercules), a son of Zeus. Yet the first Olympic Games for which we still have written records were held in 776 BCE (though it is generally believed that the Games had been going on for many years already). At this Olympic Games, a naked runner, Coroebus (a cook from Elis), won the sole event at the Olympics, the stade – a run of approximately 192 meters (210 yards). This made Coroebus the very first Olympic champion in history.
The ancient Olympic Games grew and continued to be played every four years for nearly 1200 years. In 393 CE, the Roman emperor Theodosius I, a Christian, abolished the Games because of their pagan influences
Approximately 1500 years later, a young Frenchmen named Pierre de Coubertin began their revival. Coubertin is now known as le Rénovateur. Coubertin was a French aristocrat born on January 1, 1863. He was only seven years old when France was overrun by the Germans during the Franco-Prussian War of 1870. Some believe that Coubertin attributed the defeat of France not to its military skills but rather to the French soldiers’ lack of vigor.* After examining the education of the German, British, and American children, Coubertin decided that it was exercise, more specifically sports, that made a well-rounded and vigorous person.
Coubertin’s attempt to get France interested in sports was not met with enthusiasm. Still, Coubertin persisted. In 1890, he organized and founded a sports organization, Union des Sociétés Francaises de Sports Athlétiques (USFSA). Two years later, Coubertin first pitched his idea to revive the Olympic Games. At a meeting of the Union des Sports Athlétiques in Paris on November 25, 1892
His speech did not inspire action. Though Coubertin was not the first to propose the revival of the Olympic Games, he was certainly the most well-connected and persistent of those to do so. Two years later, Coubertin organized a meeting with 79 delegates who represented nine countries. He gathered these delegates in an auditorium that was decorated by neoclassical murals and similar additional points of ambiance. At this meeting, Coubertin eloquently spoke of the revival of the Olympic Games. This time, Coubertin aroused interest.
The delegates at the conference voted unanimously for the Olympic Games. The delegates also decided to have Coubertin construct an international committee to organize the Games. This committee became the International Olympic Committee (IOC; Comité Internationale Olympique) and Demetrious Vikelas from Greece was selected to be its first president. Athens was chosen as the location for the revival of the Olympic Games and the planning was begun.
•The Olympic rings cover every flag in the world. They picked yellow, green, red, black and blue because at least one of those five colors appears in every flag in the world. (The five rings also allegedly represent the five continents of the world. But wait, you’re saying, aren’t there seven continents? Yes. But the Olympic committee has spun things to try to appease everyone. The way they’ve condensed the world into five continents: America, Asia, Africa, Europe and Oceania. Sorry, Antarctica. And apparently, we’re now continent mates with Uruguay and Colombia. Cool.)
•The early Olympic Games were celebrated as a religious festival from 776 B.C. until 393 A.D., when the games were banned for being a pagan festival (the Olympics celebrated the Greek god Zeus). In 1894, a French educator Baron Pierre de Coubertin, proposed a revival of the ancient tradition, and thus the modern-day Olympic Summer Games were born.
•Host Greece won the most medals (47) at the first Olympic Summer Games in 1896.
•The first Winter Olympic Games were held in Chamonix, France in 1924.
•Black athletes didn’t win the marathon until 1960. It’s impossible to picture now, but a black athlete didn’t win the marathon until Abebe Bikila of Ethiopia did it in 1960. And he did it barefoot.
•No white person has ever run 100 meters in under 10 seconds. At this Olympics, Usain Bolt set a new world record, running the 100 meters in 9.69 seconds. And he kinda slowed down at the end.
•No white person in history has ever run the 100 in under 10 seconds. The closest was Marian Woronin of Poland, who ran it in 10 flat… 40 years ago.
There’s no count on just how many black athletes have broken the 10 second mark, but it happened first in 1968, and seems to have happened (at least) several hundred times since.
•The first Olympic drug suspension wasn’t until 1968. At the 1968 Mexico City games, Hans-Gunnar Liljenwall, a Swedish pentathlete, was suspended because he tested positive for a banned substance. That substance: Alcohol. He drank several beers before the pentathlon… which was against the rules… so he was suspended.
•Norway has won the most medals (263) at the Winter Games.
•The United States has won more medals (2,189) at the Summer Games than any other country.
•The five Olympic rings represent the five major regions of the world – Africa, the Americas, Asia, Europe and Oceana, and every national flag in the world includes one of the five colors, which are (from left to right) blue, yellow, black, green, and red.
•Up until 1994 the Olympics were held every four years. Since then, the Winter and Summer games have alternated every two years.
•The first Olympics covered by U.S. television was the 1960 Summer Games in Rome by CBS.
•No country in the Southern Hemisphere has ever hosted a Winter Games.
•Three continents – Africa, South America, and Antarctica – have never hosted an Olympics.
•A record 202 countries participated in the 2004 Olympic Summer Games in Athens.
•Only four athletes have ever won medals at both the Winter and Summer Olympic Games: Eddie Eagan (United States), Jacob Tullin Thams (Norway), Christa Luding-Rothenburger (East Germany), and Clara Hughes (Canada).
•Speed skater Bonnie Blair has won six medals at the Olympic Winter Games. That’s more than any other American athlete.
•Nobody has won more medals at the Winter Games than cross-country skier Bjorn Dählie of Norway, who has 12.
•Larrisa Latynina, a gymnast from the former Soviet Union, finished her Summer Olympic Games career with 18 total medals—the most in history.
•The United States Olympic Committee established the U.S. Olympic Hall of Fame in 1983 to recognize outstanding American Olympic athletes, however, a plan to build a hall has been suspended due to lack of funding.
•The Summer Olympic sports are archery, badminton, basketball, beach volleyball, boxing, canoe / kayak, cycling, diving, equestrian, fencing, field hockey, gymnastics, handball, judo, modern pentathlon (shooting, fencing, swimming, show jumping, and running), mountain biking, rowing, sailing, shooting, soccer, swimming, synchronized swimming, table tennis, taekwondo, tennis, track and field, triathlon (swimming, biking, running), volleyball, water polo, weightlifting, and wrestling.
•The Winter Olympic sports are alpine skiing, biathlon (cross-country skiing and target shooting), bobsled, cross-country skiing, curling, figure skating, freestyle skiing, ice hocky, luge, Nordic combined (ski jumping and cross-country skiing), skeleton, ski jumping, snowboarding, and speed skating.
Born in 1893 in the Georgian village of Bagdadi (which was renamed Mayakovsky after his death), Vladimir Mayakovsky was the son of a forestry officer. By the time of the 1905 revolution Mayakovsky was already working with the local Social Democrats, and when his family moved to Moscow a couple of years later he joined the Bolsheviks. He did propaganda work for the party until his arrest in 1908, which resulted in an imprisonment of eleven months.
The imprisonment was crucial to his artistic and political development, as he spent the time reading the classics of world literature. Nevertheless, upon leaving prison he became a key figure of the artistic avant-garde in Moscow, becoming a Futurist, an artistic movement resolutely opposed to all that was old and bucolic, and which praised the city, speed, and modernity. As their manifesto said: “We alone are the face of our time. Time’s trumpet blares in our art of words. The past is stifling…Throw Pushkin, Dostoevsky, Tolstoy, etc, overboard.”
From this time until the revolutions of 1917 Mayakovsky was one of the most visible members of the Russian artistic scene. He wrote rough, declamatory poetry and cultivated the image of a hooligan, and poems he wrote during this period, like “ The Cloud in Trousers” and “I,” were among the most important of the time.
Though Futurism in its original Italian form led directly to fascism, Mayakovsky’s combination of Futurism and residual Bolshevism led him to welcome the October Revolution, and he put his considerable talents at the service of the new state. He produced posters, films and political poems in order to reach as broad a mass as possible. The death of Lenin profoundly moved him, and he gave countless readings in factories, clubs, and at party meetings around the Soviet Union of his poem “Vladimir Ilyich Lenin.”
But he didn’t deny settle into a populist mode, and was a leading light of LEF , the Left Front in Literature, which included all the modernist figures in the Soviet arts world. When their magazine folded Mayakovsky traveled to Europe and the US in 1925-26, a trip which left him hating capitalism even more. It was this period that gave birth to poems like “Back Home,” where he asked “Gosplan to sweat/ in debate/ assigning me goals a year ahead.”
But he refused to see Soviet reality in strictly rosy colors, at one point even going so far as planning to write a poem entitled “Bad,” and in 1928 he wrote “The Bedbug,” a play that criticized the NEPmen of the previous years, while holding out the hope of a beautiful communist future. A critical failure, he followed it two years later with a more openly critical play about Soviet reality, “The Bathhouse,” which, after being turned down by Soviet censors, was reworked, mounted, and critically savaged, a writer for Pravda going so far as to say he was playing the Trotskyist’s game.
Though he tried to defend himself in poetry in “At the Top of My Voice,” the attacks on “The Bathhouse,” and the threats implied by the constant attacks by RAPP, the Federation of Proletarian Writers, broke him physically and morally. He had also always had an emotionally stormy romantic life, including a long and intense affair with Lily Brik, a married woman whose sister Elsa was later to marry the French Communist poet Louis Aragon. All was coming apart at once, and after a stay in a rest home he, who had harshly criticized the poet Sergei Esenin for taking his own life in 1925, committed suicide on April 14, 1930. In his suicide note he wrote: “Do not blame anyone for my death and please do not gossip. The deceased terribly dislike this sort of thing. Mamma, sisters and comrades, forgive me — this is not a way out (I do not recommend it to others), but I have none other. Lily — love me…Comrades of VAPP [the all-union organization of RAPP] — do not think me weak-spirited. Seriously — there was nothing else I could do. Greetings.” 10 months ago
A_butterfly_kissThomas More - An English lawyer, social philosopher, author, statesman, and noted Renaissance humanist
7 February 1478 – 6 July 1535
Known to Catholics as Saint Thomas More since 1935, was an English lawyer, social philosopher, author, statesman, and noted Renaissance humanist. He was an important councillor to Henry VIII of England and was Lord Chancellor from October 1529 to 16 May 1532. He was canonized by Pope Pius XI in 1935. He is commemorated by the Church of England as a “Reformation martyr” He was an opponent of the Protestant Reformation and in particular of Martin Luther and William Tyndale.
More coined the word “utopia” – a name he gave to the ideal and imaginary island nation, the political system of which he described in Utopia, published in 1516. He opposed the King’s separation from the Catholic Church and refused to accept the king as Supreme Head of the Church of England, a title which had been given by parliament through the Act of Supremacy of 1534. He was imprisoned in 1534 for his refusal to take the oath required by the First Succession Act, because the act disparaged papal power and Henry’s marriage to Catherine of Aragon. In 1535, he was tried for treason, convicted on perjured testimony, and beheaded. His body, minus his head, was unceremoniously buried in an unmarked grave in the Royal Chapel of St. Peter Ad Vincula, within the walls of the Tower of London. It was the custom for traitors executed at Tower Hill to be buried in the mass grave beneath this chapel, which is accessible to visitors to the Tower.
Intellectuals and statesmen across Europe were stunned by More’s execution. Erasmus saluted him as one “whose soul was more pure than any snow, whose genius was such that England never had and never again will have its like”. Two centuries later Jonathan Swift said he was “the person of the greatest virtue this kingdom ever produced,” a sentiment with which Samuel Johnson agreed. Historian Hugh Trevor-Roper said in 1977 that More was “the first great Englishman whom we feel that we know, the most saintly of humanists, the most human of saints, the universal man of our cool northern renaissance.” 10 months ago
One of the earliest references of the Finnish Sauna were found to be dated back in 1112 and it is known that the earliest Saunas were represented by places dug in the ground; being the holy places as churches where even babies were born. Not when it was heated, of course, but it was a sterile place where hot water was available.
Deep Sleep and Stress-Therapy – After a good sauna session you’ll feel calm as sauna takes away your stress, problems, helps acquire relaxation and your sleep is going to be more healthy and sound.
You should always drink at least half your weight in ounces of water! Also it is important to pay attention to mineralization, especially calcium, magnesium and potassium. They are the tri-salts that are essential to a healthy detoxification
Sauna burns calories – Due to metabolism’ rise and sweat during sauna session one can easily lose about 300 cal, which is about 30min of exercising.
Sauna is even known to be very helpful after a strong hangover – it greatly cleanses the entire organism out of harmful alcohol toxins, plus drink a lot of green tee and in an hour you’ll love the world around you again.
SOME MORE INFO & FACTS
It is estimated that there are two million saunas in Finland, for a population of 5.3 million. Big companies and state institutions have their own saunas. The president has an official sauna, as does the prime minister. They are to be found in city apartments and in country cottages.
You are invited to take off all your clothes and go to a little room heated to almost 100 Cº, where you will sit, naked, with others for a while and sweat. Then you will go outside and jump (still naked) through a small hole in the ice on a lake, the sea or whatever and refresh yourselves in the freezing water – or roll in the snow instead.
The temperature in the hot room is a matter of preference but the Finnish Sauna Society recommends from 80 to 100 degrees Celsius. Some people, however, are quite happy in 70-degree heat.
Increase the humidity by throwing water on the stones and after a few minutes of perspiring refresh yourself in the shower or with other clean water. People with heart complaints or high blood pressure should avoid swimming in cold water after leaving the hot room.
When entering the sauna you should remember that there are at least two levels of benches – the high bench is always the hotter, and the corner of the room diagonally opposite the heater is always the hottest.
Traditional saunas are heated by wood, burned either in a stove with a chimney, or by a stove with no chimney. The latter – a smoke-sauna – is the original sauna and believed by most Finns to be the best. The door is closed after the wood has burned down (and most of the smoke has escaped), leaving the embers to heat the sauna to the proper temperature, but giving a soft heat and the aroma of woodsmoke.
You can repeat the heating and cooling process as many times as you wish: in Finland most people would have at least two sessions in the hot room. Washing with soap or shampoo is generally part of the sauna routine, usually towards the end of the whole procedure. 10 months ago
This is last weeks subject to learn. I had mint and lemon hot water drink during my holiday and loved it. It’s something my father used to make for us if we had achey tummy as a little girl. Bought some fresh mint yesterday and will have lots of fresh mint tea this summer.
Oh fresh mint leaves stays in the fridge for a long time and it’s not a prices herb.
http://www.helpwithcooking.com/herb-guide/mint.html 11 months ago